Epilepsy is a long-term condition characterized by spontaneous seizures. A person is diagnosed with epilepsy when two unprovoked seizures (or one unprovoked seizure with the possibility of more) are caused by a medical condition such as alcohol withdrawal or extremely low blood sugar.
There are many ways in which seizures can manifest themselves. People with epilepsy may stare blankly during a seizure, or they may move their legs or limbs. A single seizure may not always imply it.
In this guide, we’ll understand epilepsy symptoms, treatments, and prevention.
Symptoms And Warning Signs
Seizures differ in appearance depending on where the disruption begins in the brain and how far it travels. Similarly, people living with epilepsy have a three-fold higher chance of dying young than the general population, with the largest rates of early death occurring in low- and middle-income nations and rural locations.
Physical difficulties (such as fractures and bruising from seizure-related injuries) and psychological problems (such as fear and sadness) are more common in people with epilepsy.
With the proper administration of anti seizure medications, up to 70% of patients with epilepsy could achieve seizure-free status. After two years without seizures, stopping the anti-seizure medication may be explored with clinical, social, and personal issues. An abnormal electroencephalogram (EEG) pattern and a validated seizure etiology are the two most reliable markers of seizure recurrence.
Most patients with epilepsy can be diagnosed and treated without the need for specialized technology at the basic healthcare level.
Epilepsy is avoidable in approximately 25% of instances. The most efficient strategy to avoid post-traumatic epilepsy is to avoid head injury. Appropriate prenatal care can help to limit the number of new instances of it caused by birth trauma. The use of medicines and other measures to lower a sick child’s body temperature can lessen the risk of febrile seizures.
Reduced cardiovascular risk factors, such as quitting smoking and drinking alcohol and controlling high blood pressure, diabetes, and obesity, are crucial in preventing stroke-related seizures.
In tropical climes, where many low- and middle-income countries are located, central nervous system infections are a prevalent cause of epilepsy. The elimination of parasites in these areas and information on how to avoid infections can assist in reducing it globally, especially in cases of neurocysticercosis.
You might not understand the nature of the seizure after the onset of symptoms, but it can be determined by a thorough medical examination and diagnostic tests. The physician collects the child’s and family’s medical history and frequency of seizures. Seizures may be caused by neurological issues necessitating further medical attention.
For appointments at Jain Hospital to see a doctor, please call on 9015111222