Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD) is a useful treatment that helps in diagnosing genetic defects or chromosomal deficiency in the embryo created by IVF treatment. This test is required to check quality of an embryo genetically and remove all risks or disorders attached with the embryo during IVF cycle. This is a complete genetic analysis of embryo that tells about the arrangement of chromosomes and their numbers in embryo.
Being a complex problem, infertility is not only a major concern with females, it can be a drastic situation with males as well. In most infertile cases, males are also responsible for the failure in conceiving. In India, there are many males, who have less sperm counts and they blame their partners or females to be responsible for not conceiving. But exactly, it’s vice versa, there are many males in India, who have low sperm counts and their strength to fertilize the egg for achieving pregnancy naturally.
This kind of surgical process allows the diagnosis of internal organs. For this, a fabric-optic instrument is used which is inserted into the patients abdomen to view the positioning and working of the internal organs. The major element used for this type of surgery is laparoscope, a fiber-optic cable that is inserted into the human body through the abdomen or chest cavity for internal diagnosis.
Laparoscopy is a modern surgical technique in which human abdomen gets a small incision up to 0.5- 1.5 cm for internal check up of abdomen.
What is ICSI ?
ICSI is the most successful form of treatment for men who are infertile. It differs from In Vitro Fertilization (IVF). In this treatment, embryologists selects a single sperm to inject directly into an egg, whereas in the fertilization process many sperms are placed in a dish near the egg.
Male infertility puts bigger challenge as it is much complex than the female infertility process.