The most prevalent childhood brain illness in India is epilepsy, often known as a seizure disorder. Many children are under the age of seventeen.
Seizures are sudden bursts of electrical activity in the brain caused by epilepsy. By the time they reach adolescence, around two-thirds of all children with epilepsy have outgrown their seizures. Epilepsy may be a lifelong disorder for certain people. Parents must work together with their children’s doctors to understand their condition and treatment options. Keep reading this article to understand childhood epilepsy.
What Happens in a Seizure?
Seizures can make children jerk uncontrollably, while others make them puzzled or stare blankly. The type of seizure a person gets is determined by the location of the seizure in the brain and the amount of brain tissue involved.
Epilepsy treatment has improved, making the illness more tolerable. There are many new anti-seizure drugs on the market, with more on the way. There are various options available for children and teens who continue to have seizures after taking medication, including surgical procedures, medical devices, dietary therapies, and newer medications.
Recognizing Children With Epilepsy
Seizures in children may not always be identified when they occur, depending on the type of seizure. People commonly associate seizures with convulsions, but some are mild and fleeting, such as an ‘absence seizure,’ where the child loses awareness and responsiveness for small periods. Furthermore, numerous non-epileptic events can mimic seizures, and epileptic seizures don’t always appear how people anticipate them. It can make diagnosis more difficult in some cases.
With successive fevers, one-third of children will experience more febrile convulsions. Feverish convulsions do not indicate epilepsy, and their risk of having epilepsy is no higher than that of the general population. A kid’s risk of developing childhood epilepsy is slightly enhanced if there is a family history of epilepsy or if the child has a neurodevelopmental condition. Alternatively, the youngster may be experiencing a complicated febrile convulsion.
After a kid has been diagnosed with epilepsy, the decision to treat them with AEDs is based on the risk of further seizures versus the potential dangers and advantages of AEDs.
Medications can not cure epilepsy, although they can help reduce or stop seizures, ideally with little or no adverse effects. Medication is not usually prescribed for seizures. Most parents are concerned about side effects and long-term consequences.
Epilepsy patients should be encouraged to engage fully in school and social activities. They should be allowed to participate in leisure activities whenever possible, with suitable risk management procedures to protect the child.
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