Egg donation is legal in India.
Egg donation forms a part of Assisted Reproductive Technologies. (ART). To simplify, it is the process in which a fertile woman, who can produce her own eggs, donates it to another woman who can not conceive.
Egg donor amongst family and known can be preferred, but because of difficulty in finding donor, professional egg donors are also available. The younger the donor, the better are the results.
But there are strict laws, which should be followed to ensure safety of these egg donors. The Government of India, has strict guidelines, for the selection of appropriate egg donors. Egg donors are screened for all the viral markers, for eligibility of their fertility status through hormone testing, and they undergo ovarian stimulation to produce multiple number of eggs. Then their ovum pick-up is done after 8-12 days of injections.
Ovum pick up is a short procedure done under anesthesia, and donor is free from the treatment cycle after this procedure. The donor expects her normal menstrual period at the regular time, and she can lead her normal life from the very next day.
The problem of premature ovarian failure, late marriages, and many other social problems are causing great demand for such treatments.
Proper counselling of the infertile couples must be done, as well as the counselling of the prospective egg donor family. The egg donor family should not enroll into such treatments for only commercial gains.
It is a NOBLE cause to donate your eggs to an infertile couple. This act is kind, and is done to help the lady who for many reasons will never be able to produce her own eggs.