Intrauterine Insemination or Artificial Insemination
In this method of IUI or intrauterine insemination, sperm is introduced into a female’s body to achieve pregnancy through In Vitro Fertilization.
This Assisted Reproductive Technology method is safe and effective to treat certain kinds of infertility in both men and women, especially when dealing with natural barriers. This treatment is beneficial for the couples who are suffering from male infertility, single women or those who cannot conceive naturally. In IUI, a semen sample in a nutrient medium is placed in the uterine cavity, that allows sperms to reach uterus.
Conditions Warranting IUI
- For all the single mothers can request a sperm donor that will be artificially inseminated
- Impotency or premature ejaculation in males
- For all the males who are unable to contribute naturally for successful fertilization
- Ovulation disorders such as Poly Cystic Ovary Syndrome
Preliminary Steps in IUI treatment
- The ovary of the patient should have healthy eggs
- The fallopian tubes must be open for a successful IUI treatment
- The uterus should be normal
- The semen sample must show an adequate amount of fluid and normal sperms
- If a sperm donor is used, then, we check for presence of any infectious diseases
Step-wise Procedure in IUI Treatment
In simple words, ovulation occurs when a mature egg is released from the ovary. It is then pushed down to the fallopian tube and is available to be fertilized. Every month, an egg becomes mature within one of the ovaries and enters the fallopian tube so that it can make its way towards sperm and the uterus.
Keeping a Check on IUI treatment Cycle
Our team of experienced doctors perform the insemination treatment during ovulation. They use ultrasound scan to determine whether the patient is ovulating or not. Once, it is confirmed that the patient is ovulating, the eggs are released from the follicle with the help of an injection.
What is the best timing for IUI Treatment?
It is best to perform Intrauterine Insemination treatment during ovulation. Since, washed sperm lasts only for six hours, IUI should be done within the same period but if HCG (Human), a hormone that supports normal development of an egg in ovary is injected then the patients having two IUI will be performed within 24 hours to 48 hours.
Semen collection is a process of obtaining semen from males for the purpose of artificial insemination which is collected by masturbation. During this process, doctors instruct the abstinence for 2-4 days before the process. The sample is generally collected at the Jain Hospital itself.
Preparing The Semen Sample
Next step is the sperm washing which is completed prior to the process. Depending upon the quality of semen sample, methods are adopted by the clinic. The quality of semen depends upon the volume, count and motility. This procedure is conducted with the aim of eliminating all the content other than the motile sperms. Once, the fertilizing capacity of the sample is enhanced well, the sperm sample is used for artificial insemination without much delay.